Who is God?

Who is God?

Most people have an opinion about who God is, what He is like, and if He exists at all. For the Christian who accepts the Bible as the true and authoritative Word of God, the Bible itself shapes our idea of who God is. Let us explore what the Bible says about God.

1. Creator

We need to keep in mind that we are not the Creator but the created. Our finite minds cannot fully comprehend God. Nevertheless, we have a responsibility to understand what He has revealed about Himself in His Word.

Gen 1:26 Then God said, "Let us make man in image, in our likeness, and let them rule over the fish of the sea and the birds of the air, over the livestock, over all the earth, and over all the creatures that move along the ground." Whom is God talking to?

Deut 6:4 Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God, the LORD is one. Yet we are told:

Matt 28:19 Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit,

How can God be one and three at the same time? To answer that question, all we need to do is look at ourselves, who are created in His image. We find in 1Thes 5:23 that we, too, are a three part being, spirit, soul, and body, yet one person. Notice how we compare with the Trinity of God. Therefore, when God said “let us make man in our image”, this is the pattern He used.

            Spirit—spirit of man—God the Holy Spirit

            Soul—man’s mind, will, emotions—God the Father

            Body—man’s body—God the Son

Interestingly, everything God made, He made using this three-part formula. Atoms, from which everything is made, have three parts: protons, neutrons, and electrons, yet they are one atom. An atom cannot be separated from its parts without a tremendous explosion happening. However, atoms can combine with other atoms and create something new—very similar to a marriage between two people. God said when a man and a women join together, they become one flesh, something new. Their offspring become new creations, too, whom God creates in the womb.


Heb 1:10-12 He also says, "In the beginning, O Lord, you laid the foundations of the earth, and the heavens are the work of your hands. They will perish, but you remain; they will all wear out like a garment. You will roll them up like a robe; like a garment they will be changed. But you remain the same, and your years will never end."

Ps 90:2 Before the mountains were born or you brought forth the earth and the world, from everlasting to everlasting you are God.

Eternal is difficult for mortal, finite man to comprehend, but that is what makes Him God. If we could truly and completely comprehend all there is about God, this would show that He is limited and finite just like us.

3.Omnipresent—Since God is Spirit, He is everywhere at once.

Ps 139:7-13 Where can I go from your Spirit? Where can I flee from your presence? If I go up to the heavens, you are there; if I make my bed in the depths, you are there. If I rise on the wings of the dawn, if I settle on the far side of the sea, even there your hand will guide me, your right hand will hold me fast. If I say, "Surely the darkness will hide me and the light become night around me," even the darkness will not be dark to you; the night will shine like the day, for darkness is as light to you. For you created my inmost being; you knit me together in my mother's womb.

It matters not where we are; God is there. Therefore, we can approach Him as His Child to talk to Him and listen for His answer wherever we are.

4.Omniscient—He is all knowing

1 Sam 2:2-3 "There is no one holy like the LORD; there is no one besides you; there is no Rock like our God." Do not keep talking so proudly or let your mouth speak such arrogance, for the LORD is a God who knows, and by him deeds are weighed.

Ps 147:5 Great is our Lord and mighty in power; his understanding has no limit.

God’s omniscience, God’s order, and God’s opportunity in our individual life all work together for good. He knows what will happen before it happens. We cannot understand His purpose until it happens. Afterwards, we see what God was trying to accomplish in our life.

5. Omnipotent—He has all power.

1 Chr 29:11-12 Yours, O LORD, is the greatness and the power and the glory and the majesty and the splendor, for everything in heaven and earth is yours. Yours, O LORD, is the kingdom; you are exalted as head over all. Wealth and honor come from you; you are the ruler of all things. In your hands are strength and power to exalt and give strength to all.

 Luke 1:34-37 "How will this be," Mary asked the angel, "since I am a virgin?" The angel answered, "The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you. So the holy one to be born will be called the Son of God. Even Elizabeth your relative is going to have a child in her old age, and she who was said to be barren is in her sixth month. For nothing is impossible with God."

God can open the womb of a barren woman. The Son can humble himself and become a baby in a virgin.

Not only that, but Jesus Christ can take a man, who has been broken by sin and twisted with wrongdoing, and present him before the throne of God without blemish, through the sheer power of His Atonement. Furthermore, Jesus can empower that same weak man with His Holy Spirit, enabling him to be and do more than he could ever imagine.

Acts 1:8 But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes on you; and you will be my witnesses in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the ends of the earth."

It takes the power of God to live the life of the Son of God in mortal flesh. The Holy Spirit, who is the power of God, cannot be considered as a “guest” in a house, for He invades everything. When once we decide that our “old man” should be identified with the death of Jesus, then the Holy Spirit invades us. He takes charge of everything. Our part is to walk in the light and to obey all that He reveals.

6. Immutable—He does not change.

Num 23:19 God is not a man, that he should lie, nor a son of man, that he should change his mind. Does he speak and then not act? Does he promise and not fulfill?

1 Sam 15:29 He who is the Glory of Israel does not lie or change his mind; for he is not a man, that he should change his mind."

James 1:17 Every good and perfect gift is from above, coming down from the Father of the heavenly lights, who does not change like shifting shadows.

No matter what is happening, the Spirit of God remains unchanged and His salvation unaltered. However, we must change, we have to “put on the new man.” Our natural life must not rule, God must rule in us.

7. Love

1 Jn 4:7-17 Dear friends, let us love one another, for love comes from God. Everyone who loves has been born of God and knows God. Whoever does not love does not know God, because God is love. This is how God showed his love among us: He sent his one and only Son into the world that we might live through him. This is love: not that we loved God, but that he loved us and sent his Son as an atoning sacrifice for our sins. Dear friends, since God so loved us, we also ought to love one another. No one has ever seen God; but if we love one another, God lives in us and his love is made complete in us. We know that we live in him and he in us, because he has given us of his Spirit. And we have seen and testify that the Father has sent his Son to be the Savior of the world. If anyone acknowledges that Jesus is the Son of God, God lives in him and he in God. And so we know and rely on the love God has for us. God is love. Whoever lives in love lives in God, and God in him. In this way, love is made complete among us so that we will have confidence on the day of judgment, because in this world we are like him.

8. A consuming fire

Deut 4:23-24 Be careful not to forget the covenant of the LORD your God that he made with you; do not make for yourselves an idol in the form of anything the LORD your God has forbidden. For the LORD your God is a consuming fire, a jealous God.

Exod 24:15-17 When Moses went up on the mountain, the cloud covered it, and the glory of the LORD settled on Mount Sinai. For six days the cloud covered the mountain, and on the seventh day the LORD called to Moses from within the cloud. To the Israelites the glory of the LORD looked like a consuming fire on top of the mountain.

2 Chr 7:1-3 When Solomon finished praying, fire came down from heaven and consumed the burnt offering and the sacrifices, and the glory of the LORD filled the temple. The priests could not enter the temple of the LORD because the glory of the LORD filled it. When all the Israelites saw the fire coming down and the glory of the LORD above the temple, they knelt on the pavement with their faces to the ground, and they worshiped and gave thanks to the LORD, saying, "He is good; his love endures forever."

Heb 12:28-29 Therefore, since we are receiving a kingdom that cannot be shaken, let us be thankful, and so worship God acceptably with reverence and awe, for our "God is a consuming fire."

2 Pet 3:3-12 First of all, you must understand that in the last days scoffers will come, scoffing and following their own evil desires. They will say, "Where is this 'coming' he promised? Ever since our fathers died, everything goes on as it has since the beginning of creation." But they deliberately forget that long ago by God's word the heavens existed and the earth was formed out of water and by water. By these waters also the world of that time was deluged and destroyed. By the same word the present heavens and earth are reserved for fire, being kept for the day of judgment and destruction of ungodly men. But do not forget this one thing, dear friends: With the Lord a day is like a thousand years, and a thousand years are like a day. The Lord is not slow in keeping his promise, as some understand slowness. He is patient with you, not wanting anyone to perish, but everyone to come to repentance. But the day of the Lord will come like a thief. The heavens will disappear with a roar; the elements will be destroyed by fire, and the earth and everything in it will be laid bare. Since everything will be destroyed in this way, what kind of people ought you to be? You ought to live holy and godly lives as you look forward to the day of God and speed its coming. That day will bring about the destruction of the heavens by fire, and the elements will melt in the heat.

The laws of physics and chemistry tell us that matter cannot be destroyed, only altered. However, the God who spoke all matter into existence has the power to destroy it. He is a consuming fire. Nothing exists after He consumes it.

9. Sovereign

Dan 4:35 All the peoples of the earth are regarded as nothing. He does as he pleases with the powers of heaven and the peoples of the earth. No one can hold back his hand or say to him: "What have you done?"

1 Cor 12:7-11 Now to each one the manifestation of the Spirit is given for the common good. To one there is given through the Spirit the message of wisdom, to another the message of knowledge by means of the same Spirit, to another faith by the same Spirit, to another gifts of healing by that one Spirit, to another miraculous powers, to another prophecy, to another distinguishing between spirits, to another speaking in different kinds of tongues, and to still another the interpretation of tongues. All these are the work of one and the same Spirit, and he gives them to each one, just as he determines.

God is the supreme Sovereign. He rules over the entire universe and He gives His people supernatural gifts according to His purpose. It is not that we work for God, but that God works through us; He uses us as He likes, He allots our work where He chooses, and we learn obedience. He is with us in all power and in all wisdom, guiding, directing, controlling, and subduing. He is King of kings and Lord of lords from the beginning to the end.

By the sovereign work of God and the indwelling Christ, He can show through our lives, the very same characteristics that were seen in the Lord Jesus. The thought is unspeakably full of glory that God, the Holy Spirit, can come into our spirit and fill it so full, that the life of God will manifest itself all through our body, which used to manifest the characteristics of sin. If we are willing and determined to keep in the light and obey the Spirit, then the characteristics of the indwelling Christ will naturally manifest themselves.

God exists and we can know what is He like through His Word and we can we relate to Him by His Spirit. God revealed Himself and His love for us through His Son, Jesus Christ. We experience His existence and presence by His Holy Spirit who abides in us and among us.