Who is God?

Who is God?

In today’s society, many say there’s no God. They proudly call themselves an atheist. They consider themselves “enlightened”. The Bible has another name for them. It says these people are fools.

Psalm 14:1 The fool says in his heart, “There is no God.” They are corrupt, they do abominable deeds, there is none who does good.

The truth is: there is a God. Those, who don’t believe this, are bothered by believers who remind them of this truth. They don’t like to be reminded that they are wrong or that there is an authority greater than themselves.

Some reject God because they misunderstand who He is. The various religions have only confused the issue of “who is God”. People wonder, “Do they all worship the same god or are there many gods? It must not matter what you believe.”

As believers in Jesus Christ, we need to be able to answer the simple question on people’s mind: “WHO IS GOD?” And we need to answer from God’s Word instead of an opinion.

  1. God is one and He is our Creator.

Deuteronomy 6:4 Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God, the LORD is one.

God’s name, in Hebrew is Yahweh. In English, it is LORD. It is not Allah or Buddha, because they do not fit the description of God, as we will soon see.

Job 33:4 The Spirit of God has made me; the breath of the Almighty gives me life.

We need to keep in mind that we are not the Creator but the created. Science does not explain creation. The Creator explains science. We would not exist if God had not created us, nor would anything else.

Genesis 1:1-2 In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth. The earth was without form and void, and darkness was over the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters.

Genesis 1:26 Then God said, "Let us make man in image, in our likeness, and let them rule over the fish of the sea and the birds of the air, over the livestock, over all the earth, and over all the creatures that move along the ground."

Notice the plural pronouns. Who is God speaking to? Although the LORD is the one and only God, Jesus revealed the LORD as a divinity with three parts. These three parts were deciding to make man in their image. Jesus named the parts of God in this familiar verse:

Matthew 28:19 Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit,

How can God be one and three at the same time? Interestingly, everything God made, He made using this three-in-one pattern like Himself. Atoms, which God created and from which everything is made, have three parts: protons, neutrons, and electrons; yet they are one atom. They are dependent on each other. If they were independent, they would cease being an atom.

Furthermore, we, who are created in God’s image, are also a three-part being. We have a body, a soul, and a spirit. Nevertheless, we are one person. Without all three parts, we cease being a person—which is called death, the time when man’s spirit and soul leave his body.

1 Thessalonians 5:23 Now may the God of peace himself sanctify you completely, and may your whole spirit and soul and body be kept blameless at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ.

Here is how we are made in the image of God, who is three parts, yet one God.

Spirit—God the Holy Spirit compares to the spirit of man—the spirit of God and spirit of man are felt but not seen. We can sense evil spirits and good spirits.

Soul—God the Father (the mind, will, and emotions of God) compares to man’s mind, will, and emotions, which constitute his soul and personality.

Body—God the Son (the manifestation of God) compares to man’s physical body, the part of the person that we see and recognize.

Just by considering ourselves, who are made in the image of God, we can understand how God is one, yet three entities with different roles.

  1. God is Eternal.

Hebrews 1:10-12 He also says, "In the beginning, O Lord, you laid the foundations of the earth, and the heavens are the work of your hands. They will perish, but you remain; they will all wear out like a garment. You will roll them up like a robe; like a garment they will be changed. But you remain the same, and your years will never end."

Psalm 90:2 Before the mountains were born or you brought forth the earth and the world, from everlasting to everlasting you are God.

Eternal is difficult concept for mortal, finite man to comprehend, but that is what makes the LORD God. If we could truly and completely comprehend all that there is about God, then He would be limited and finite just like us. Thus, He would not be God, but someone we created in our own restricted image.

  1. Since God is Spirit, He is everywhere at once—Omnipresent.

Psalm 139:7-13 Where can I go from your Spirit? Where can I flee from your presence? If I go up to the heavens, you are there; if I make my bed in the depths, you are there. If I rise on the wings of the dawn, if I settle on the far side of the sea, even there your hand will guide me, your right hand will hold me fast. If I say, "Surely the darkness will hide me and the light become night around me," even the darkness will not be dark to you; the night will shine like the day, for darkness is as light to you. For you created my inmost being; you knit me together in my mother's womb.

It matters not where we are; God is there. We cannot escape His presence, even if we believe He doesn’t exist. A good thing about His omnipresence is we can approach Him as His Child to talk to Him and listen for His answer wherever we are.

  1. He is all knowing—Omniscient.

1 Samuel 2:2-3 "There is no one holy like the LORD; there is no one besides you; there is no Rock like our God." Do not keep talking so proudly or let your mouth speak such arrogance, for the LORD is a God who knows, and by him deeds are weighed.

Psalm 147:5 Great is our Lord and mighty in power; his understanding has no limit.

God knows all things, past, present, future, real and potential, all at the same time. And He knows how everything fits together to accomplish His purpose.

God knows the thoughts and intentions of our heart. He knows if we are seeking Him this morning or just trying to ease our conscience. He knows if we are telling the truth.

Jeremiah 17:10 "I the LORD search the heart and examine the mind, to reward a man according to his conduct, according to what his deeds deserve."

Therefore, an omniscient God is the perfect judge of all men. We are not.

  1. God is Omnipotent—He has all power.

1 Chronicles 29:11-12 Yours, O LORD, is the greatness and the power and the glory and the majesty and the splendor, for everything in heaven and earth is yours. Yours, O LORD, is the kingdom; you are exalted as head over all. Wealth and honor come from you; you are the ruler of all things. In your hands are strength and power to exalt and give strength to all.

Luke 1:34-37 "How will this be," Mary asked the angel, "since I am a virgin?" The angel answered, "The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you. So the holy one to be born will be called the Son of God. Even Elizabeth your relative is going to have a child in her old age, and she who was said to be barren is in her sixth month. For nothing is impossible with God."

God can open the womb of a barren woman. The Son can humble himself and become a baby in a virgin.

Furthermore, Jesus Christ can take a man, who has been broken by sin and twisted with wrong-doing, and reinstate him, not as an angel, but as a new man, and present him before the throne of God without blemish, through the sheer omnipotence of His Atonement! That is power no one else has.

Jude 1:24-25 Now to Him who is able to keep you from stumbling, and to present you faultless before the presence of His glory with exceeding joy, to God our Savior, Who alone is wise, be glory and majesty, dominion and power, both now and forever. Amen.

Then Jesus can empower that same weak man with His Holy Spirit, enabling him to be and do more than he could ever imagine. How does that happen?

When we decide that our “old man” should be identified with the death of Jesus through baptism, then the Holy Spirit gives us a new life. He takes charge of everything. Our part is to walk in the Spirit and to obey all that He reveals. He gives us power to do it.

  1. God is Immutable—He does not change.

Numbers 23:19 God is not a man, that he should lie, nor a son of man, that he should change his mind. Does he speak and then not act? Does he promise and not fulfill?

1 Samuel 15:29 He who is the Glory of Israel does not lie or change his mind; for he is not a man, that he should change his mind.

Hebrews 13:8 Jesus Christ is the same yesterday and today and forever.

James 1:17 Every good and perfect gift is from above, coming down from the Father of the heavenly lights, who does not change like shifting shadows.

In every setting in which we are put, the Spirit of God remains unchanged and His salvation unaltered. This knowledge will prevent us from heresies that arise and from different gospels that are really no gospel at all.

However, we have to change. Our minds must be renewed. We have to “put on the new man” and deny our natural, sinful desires. Our natural life must not rule. God, the Holy Spirit, must rule in us and we must allow Him to change us.

  1. God is Sovereign.

Daniel 4:35 All the peoples of the earth are regarded as nothing. He does as he pleases with the powers of heaven and the peoples of the earth. No one can hold back his hand or say to him: "What have you done?"

1 Corinthians 12:7-11 Now to each one the manifestation of the Spirit is given for the common good. To one there is given through the Spirit the message of wisdom, to another the message of knowledge by means of the same Spirit, to another faith by the same Spirit, to another gifts of healing by that one Spirit, to another miraculous powers, to another prophecy, to another distinguishing between spirits, to another speaking in different kinds of tongues, and to still another the interpretation of tongues. All these are the work of one and the same Spirit, and he gives them to each one, just as he determines.

God is the supreme Sovereign. He is King of kings and Lord of lords from the beginning to the end. And He gives His people supernatural gifts as He determines. It is not that we work for God, but that God works through us. He uses us as He likes. He allots our work where He chooses. And we learn obedience. He is with us in all power and in all wisdom, guiding, directing, controlling, and subduing. God, the Holy Spirit, can fill us so full with the life of God that we will manifest His characteristics in our body, which used to manifest the characteristics of sin. These characteristics are called the fruit of the Spirit.

Galatians 5:22-24 But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness, self-control; against such things there is no law. And those who belong to Christ Jesus have crucified the flesh with its passions and desires.

To sum it up, God is a three-part being. Together, they make one God just like our three parts make one person. We were created in His image. Just like our three parts have different functions, the three parts of God have different functions, but they have same characteristics. They are one in purpose, one in glory and majesty, one in power, and one in divinity. This is the identity of the God we worship.

Therefore, it is appropriate to refer to the Father as God, Jesus as God, and the Holy Spirit as God. They are parts of a complete deity—one God, conveniently called the Trinity.

Colossians 2:9-10 For in him (Jesus) the whole fullness of deity dwells bodily, and you have been filled in him, who is the head of all rule and authority.

Jesus said in John 10:30 “I and the Father are one.”

And again in John 14:9-11 Jesus said to him, “Have I been with you so long, and you still do not know me, Philip? Whoever has seen me has seen the Father. How can you say, ‘Show us the Father’? Do you not believe that I am in the Father and the Father is in me? The words that I say to you I do not speak on my own authority, but the Father who dwells in me does his works. Believe me that I am in the Father and the Father is in me, or else believe on account of the works themselves.”

Matthew 3:16-17 And when Jesus was baptized, immediately he went up from the water, and behold, the heavens were opened to him, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove and coming to rest on him; and behold, a voice from heaven (the Father) said, “This is my beloved Son, with whom I am well pleased.”

All three parts of God were present at Jesus’ baptism. The Trinity matters because we need to understand who we worship. We need to be able to tell others who God is. We need to be able to explain the Gospel of Jesus Christ, which is that God the Son has reconciled us unto God the Father, and the Father has promised forgiveness and God the Holy Spirit to all who believe in His Son.

Romans 5:10 For if while we were enemies we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son, much more, now that we are reconciled, shall we be saved by his life.

When we say “God”, we are not talking about some deity independent of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. We are talking about the Creator, who made us in their image. Many names are used to describe God: the LORD Almighty; the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; Jehovah; Yahweh, and (my favorite): I AM.

Exodus 3:14 God said to Moses, “I AM WHO I AM.” And he said, “Say this to the people of Israel, ‘I AM has sent me to you.’”

John 8:58 Jesus said to them, "Most assuredly, I say to you, before Abraham was, I AM."

In conclusion, we can know who God is and what is He like through His Word. The Father revealed Himself and His love for us through the Son, Jesus Christ. And we can we relate to God continuously by His Spirit.

So, come to God, acknowledging Jesus as the Son of God, the Savior and Lord, who atoned for your sin on the Cross. Repent of your sin and of being your own god. Give your life to Christ in baptism and be born again of God, the Holy Spirit, who will empower you to live a new life in obedience to God the Father. You will inherit all that God has promised, including eternal life.