The Holy Spirit Is God

The Holy Spirit is God

Last month, we looked at a list of attributes that are characteristic of God and God only. God is three parts: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit; and at the same time only one deity—one God. To understand this, we can look at how we are made. We are made in God’s image. Likewise, we are a three part being: spirit, soul, and body; and yet only one person.

Like our three parts, the three parts of God have different roles but are not independent of each other. They are completely one. Jesus is the Body of God, which we saw when He came to earth. As the Body of God, Jesus did not do or say anything other than what the Father, who is the soul (mind, will, and emotions) of God did and said.

So, what is the role of the Holy Spirit? Is it correct to say, “The Holy Spirit is God?” Should the Holy Spirit be worshipped?

Well, I have good news. We can answer these questions with one verse and go home.

Jesus said in John 4:24 God is spirit, and those who worship him must worship in spirit and truth.

That is good enough for me. It answers two questions. The Spirit is God and we are to worship Him.

While you may be agreeable to leaving now, let us consider the attributes of God to see if the Holy Spirit contains them. By doing this, we will understand some of His roles.

  1. God is all-knowing (omniscient)
  2. God is all-powerful (omnipotent)
  3. God is unchanging (immutable)
  4. God is everywhere (omnipresent)
  5. God has eternal existence
  6. God is the Creator
  7. God is the Judge of all mankind

1. The Holy Spirit is omniscient. In other words, He knows all things.

1 Corinthians 2:9-14 However, as it is written: "No eye has seen, no ear has heard, no mind has conceived what God has prepared for those who love him"--but God has revealed it to us by his Spirit. The Spirit searches all things, even the deep things of God. For who among men knows the thoughts of a man except the man's spirit within him? In the same way no one knows the thoughts of God except the Spirit of God. We have not received the spirit of the world but the Spirit who is from God, that we may understand what God has freely given us. This is what we speak, not in words taught us by human wisdom but in words taught by the Spirit, expressing spiritual truths in spiritual words. The man without the Spirit does not accept the things that come from the Spirit of God, for they are foolishness to him, and he cannot understand them, because they are spiritually discerned.

The wisdom that saves, which man’s wisdom cannot understand, is revealed to us by God the Holy Spirit. He gives us revelation and grace to believe. The Spirit alone is qualified because He knows all that God knows. He is one with the Father and the Son. He also knows our thoughts and the intentions of our heart.

The Holy Spirit illuminates the Word of God to us, convicting us of sin, giving us faith to believe and the ability to discern divine truth from demonic error, which the spiritually dead (those who reject the Holy Spirit) are unable to comprehend.

2. The Holy Spirit is omnipotent. He is all powerful.

Luke 1:34-37 "How will this be," Mary asked the angel, "since I am a virgin?" The angel answered, "The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you. So the holy one to be born will be called the Son of God. Even Elizabeth your relative is going to have a child in her old age, and she who was said to be barren is in her sixth month. For nothing is impossible with God."

This Immaculate Conception was a powerful creative act of the Holy Spirit, not the sort of divine-human intercourse described in pagan mythology. The Holy Spirit also puts the power of God in us when we believe in Jesus and are born again of the Spirit.

Acts 1:8 But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes on you; and you will be my witnesses in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the ends of the earth.

Romans 15:18-19 I will not venture to speak of anything except what Christ has accomplished through me in leading the Gentiles to obey God by what I have said and done--by the power of signs and miracles, through the power of the Spirit. So from Jerusalem all the way around to Illyricum, I have fully proclaimed the gospel of Christ.

Believers experience the Holy Spirit’s conviction, teaching, revelation, and miraculous power. The main reason the Holy Spirit gives us His power is the spreading of the Gospel of Jesus Christ. He dwells in us so we can have grace and power to witness for Jesus Christ.

3. The Holy Spirit is immutable. In other words, He is unchanging.

1 John 5:6-7 This is He who came by water and blood--Jesus Christ; not only by water, but by water and blood. And it is the Spirit who bears witness, because the Spirit is truth. For there are three that bear witness in heaven: the Father, the Word, and the Holy Spirit; and these three are one.

Since the Father and the Word, which is the Son, are immutable, so is the Holy Spirit because these three are one deity.

Hebrews 13:8 Jesus Christ is the same yesterday and today and forever.

Jesus is unchangeable; therefore, so is His Spirit.

4. The Holy Spirit is omnipresent. He is everywhere at once.

Psalm 139:7-13 Where can I go from your Spirit? Where can I flee from your presence? If I go up to the heavens, you are there; if I make my bed in the depths, you are there. If I rise on the wings of the dawn, if I settle on the far side of the sea, even there your hand will guide me, your right hand will hold me fast. If I say, "Surely the darkness will hide me and the light become night around me," even the darkness will not be dark to you; the night will shine like the day, for darkness is as light to you. For you created my inmost being; you knit me together in my mother's womb.

This passage declares that no place exists where the Spirit is not present. He is even present in our creation. We cannot run away from God, neither can we hide from Him.

5. The Holy Spirit is eternal. He existed before Creation and He will always exist.

Hebrews 9:13-15 The blood of goats and bulls and the ashes of a heifer sprinkled on those who are ceremonially unclean sanctify them so that they are outwardly clean. How much more, then, will the blood of Christ (the Son), who through the eternal Spirit offered himself unblemished to God (the Father), cleanse our consciences from acts that lead to death, so that we may serve the living God! For this reason Christ is the mediator of a new covenant, that those who are called may receive the promised eternal inheritance--now that he has died as a ransom to set them free from the sins committed under the first covenant.

God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit are all involved in our salvation. They have different roles in our salvation, but they are equally eternal and one in purpose.

6. The Holy Spirit is the Creator.

Genesis 1:26 Then God said, "Let us make man in our image, in our likeness, and let them rule over the fish of the sea and the birds of the air, over the livestock, over all the earth, and over all the creatures that move along the ground."

Notice the plural pronouns “us” and “our”. All the parts of God were involved in the Creation. God made us in His image. Therefore, God made us a 3-part being—spirit, soul, and body. Our natural spirit is dead, due to sin, until we have been born again of the Holy Spirit. Then we have a spirit that is alive and bears witness with God the Holy Spirit.

Romans 8:16 The Spirit himself bears witness with our spirit that we are children of God

Job 33:4 The Spirit of God has made me; the breath of the Almighty gives me life.

Again the Spirit of God, is involved in creation. Whatever God the Father thought, the Son of God, who is the Word of God, spoke it into being. The Spirit of God gave it life, including us.

7. The Holy Spirit is Sovereign and Judge of all mankind.

Acts 5:1-5 But a man named Ananias, with his wife Sapphira, sold a piece of property, and with his wife’s knowledge he kept back for himself some of the proceeds and brought only a part of it and laid it at the apostles’ feet. But Peter said, “Ananias, why has Satan filled your heart to lie to the Holy Spirit and to keep back for yourself part of the proceeds of the land? While it remained unsold, did it not remain your own? And after it was sold, was it not at your disposal? Why is it that you have contrived this deed in your heart? You have not lied to man but to God.” When Ananias heard these words, he fell down and breathed his last. And great fear came upon all who heard of it.

Ananias promised to give all the proceeds from the sale of his property to the Church. However, he kept part of it and let everyone think that he gave the entire amount. The Holy Spirit knows our thoughts and intentions. By these things He judges us, and not by outward appearances. The Holy Spirit revealed the truth to Peter and took the breath of life away from Ananias.

1 Corinthians 12:7-11 Now to each one the manifestation of the Spirit is given for the common good. To one there is given through the Spirit the message of wisdom, to another the message of knowledge by means of the same Spirit, to another faith by the same Spirit, to another gifts of healing by that one Spirit, to another miraculous powers, to another prophecy, to another distinguishing between spirits, to another speaking in different kinds of tongues, and to still another the interpretation of tongues. All these are the work of one and the same Spirit, and he gives them to each one, just as he determines.

We cannot determine what gifts of the Spirit we want or need. The Spirit is sovereign and He determines what gifts He wants us to receive. We are to use His gifts according to His direction and for the common good.

2 Corinthians 3:17-18 Now the Lord is the Spirit, and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is freedom. And we, who with unveiled faces all reflect the Lord's glory, are being transformed into his likeness with ever-increasing glory, which comes from the Lord, who is the Spirit.

The Word undeniably declares that the Holy Spirit is the Lord God. We are to reflect His glory. However, we cannot do this unless we are filled with Him. Then, God is in us.

Ephesians 5:18 And do not get drunk with wine, for that is debauchery, but be filled with the Spirit

What does being filled with God, the Holy Spirit, look like?

Galatians 5:22-25 But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness, self-control; against such things there is no law. And those who belong to Christ Jesus have crucified the flesh with its passions and desires. If we live by the Spirit, let us also keep in step with the Spirit.

We worship the Holy Spirit by living according to His desires and not by the desires of our flesh. We put our desires to death so that the fruit of the Holy Spirit can be manifested in us.

Galatians 5:16-17 But I say, walk by the Spirit, and you will not gratify the desires of the flesh. For the desires of the flesh are against the Spirit, and the desires of the Spirit are against the flesh, for these are opposed to each other, to keep you from doing the things you want to do.

When we fail to trust and obey the Holy Spirit, we follow the desires of our flesh instead of walking by the Spirit. By our lack of faith and disobedience, we grieve the Holy Spirit.

Ephesians 4:17-32 Now this I say and testify in the Lord, that you must no longer walk as the Gentiles do, in the futility of their minds. They are darkened in their understanding, alienated from the life of God because of the ignorance that is in them, due to their hardness of heart. They have become callous and have given themselves up to sensuality, greedy to practice every kind of impurity. But that is not the way you learned Christ!—assuming that you have heard about him and were taught in him, as the truth is in Jesus, to put off your old self, which belongs to your former manner of life and is corrupt through deceitful desires, and to be renewed in the spirit of your minds, and to put on the new self, created after the likeness of God in true righteousness and holiness. Therefore, having put away falsehood, let each one of you speak the truth with his neighbor, for we are members one of another. Be angry and do not sin; do not let the sun go down on your anger, and give no opportunity to the devil. Let the thief no longer steal, but rather let him labor, doing honest work with his own hands, so that he may have something to share with anyone in need. Let no corrupting talk come out of your mouths, but only such as is good for building up, as fits the occasion, that it may give grace to those who hear. And do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God, by whom you were sealed for the day of redemption. Let all bitterness and wrath and anger and clamor and slander be put away from you, along with all malice. Be kind to one another, tenderhearted, forgiving one another, as God in Christ forgave you.

Our sin and unfaithfulness grieves the Holy Spirit. If you are a Christian, you can feel His grief. There is a sense of sadness, a loss of joy, an anxiety instead of peace, and a lack of grace in trying situations. When this happens, we need to draw close to the Lord, repent, and ask Him to fill us with the Holy Spirit again. It is something we should do daily.

Isaiah 63:7-10 I will recount the steadfast love of the LORD, the praises of the LORD, according to all that the LORD has granted us, and the great goodness to the house of Israel that he has granted them according to his compassion, according to the abundance of his steadfast love. For he said, “Surely they are my people, children who will not deal falsely.” And he became their Savior. In all their affliction he was afflicted, and the angel of his presence saved them; in his love and in his pity he redeemed them; he lifted them up and carried them all the days of old. But they rebelled and grieved his Holy Spirit; therefore he turned to be their enemy, and himself fought against them.

Although this happened under the Old Covenant, it tells us that God, the Holy Spirit, is grieved when we rebel against Him. Also, if we refuse to repent and continue to grieve the Holy Spirit, we make ourselves God’s enemy. We will receive curses instead of blessings.

Therefore, let us not fail to go to the throne of God to receive mercy, forgiveness, and grace to repent, so that, our lives may glorify Jesus Christ by the power of the Holy Spirit.

2 Corinthians 13:14 May the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit be with you all.

This benediction reminds us that we have received grace from God the Son, Jesus Christ; love from God the Father, who gave His Son to be our atonement for sin; and we have communion with God and each other through God the Holy Spirit.

Are you experiencing that communion with God? If not, you can, if you believe Jesus is the Son of God, who atoned for your sin on the cross and rose again on the third day. Publicly confess your faith and repent of your sin. Give your life to Jesus Christ by following Him in baptism. Your sin will be forgiven, and you will be born again of the Holy Spirit, who will lead you and guide you and give you an intimate relationship with God the Father.